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从税改新政看雅思作文中的政府税收类话题

2019-04-19 01:05dgukedu 未知

  国庆后上班的这几天,各位是神马感觉嘞?

  据说刚睡醒的你是这样的——

  据说在课堂上的你是这样的——

  是不是很形象,哈哈哈,玩笑归玩笑,班还是要好好上滴,毕竟你的心里只有工(学)作(习)嘛~

  昨天除了是上班的第一天,也是2018年税改实施后的第一个工作日,享受着共和国第七次税改的你,是不是感觉胸前的红领巾更红了呢?

  关于此次税改,其实政策已经敲定很久了,相信大家都已经看了很多,了解了很多了。不了解的同学,我们来简单地过一遍。敲黑板、看重点,你只需要了解结论就阔以咯~

  对于此次税改,个税方面的变化有以下几点:

  变化一:“起征点”从每月3500元上调至5000元

  变化二:低税率级距扩大 中低收入者受益最大

  变化三:明年引入专项扣除将更大降负

  变化四:享受更优化、便捷的税务服务

  太抽象看不懂么?我们来举个栗子。

  据国家税务总局测算,扣除“三险一金”后的月收入额为6000元,以起征点为3500元计算,应纳税额为145元,以起征点为5000元计算,应纳税额为30元,月减税金额为115元,减税比例79.3%;

  扣除“三险一金”后的月收入额为10000元,以起征点为3500元计算,应纳税额为745元,以起征点为5000元计算,应纳税额为290元,月减税金额为455元,减税比例61.1%。

  怎么样,整体来说,对于大家其实还是蛮有利的吧~

  为什么大家需要关心税改呢?因为在雅思写作中,税收(taxation)也是一个重要的话题。

  例如下面这几道题目:

  People believe that they should be able to keep all the money they earn and should not pay tax to the state. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (20060107)

  In some countries, the government has tried to reduce traffic. For instance, they imposed a congestion tax during rush hour. Do you think this development is positive or negative? (20160130)

  Some people say government should give the health care the first priorities , some others believe there are more important priorities to spend the tax payers' money. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. (20150723)

  Some people think paying taxes is a big enough contribution to their society, while others think people have more responsibilities as members of society than only paying taxes.

  Discuss both views and give your own opinion.(20101030)

  怎么样,是不是很酸爽?对于这些题目,你有思路嘛?其实“税收”这个话题,对于很多小伙伴来说是很抽象的,有的小伙伴并不知道税收的目的和意义,甚至有些小伙伴觉得很“亏”——辛辛苦苦挣了辣么点钱,还要“划出去”一部分,着实心痛啊。那么我们为什么要交税呢?

  Here are 6 reasons to feel good about taxes:

  1.Taxes put out fires, keep our streets safe, provide our children with education, provide our families with health care, ensure our food and water are safe, create legal safeguards for businesses and employees, provide parks – in other words, provide us benefits every hour of the day, every day of the year.

  森林大火是谁扑灭的?你家门前的公路为什么总是那么干净?你凭什么总能喝到卫生的水?这些是谁的功劳?这难道不是你交的税在起作用吗?

  2.Past generations paid taxes for what we have today - schools, hospitals, courts of law, roads, public transit, parks. Our taxes today allow us to pass along those benefits to future generations - our children, grandchildren and great grandchildren.

  我们现在享受的一切设施(不仅仅是基础设施)是上一辈交的税在发光发热。因此你交的税可以造福子孙。哎哟,功在当代、利在千秋啊!怎么样,是不是瞬间感觉自己的形象高大了很多?胸前的红领巾更红了呢!

  3.If we ignore, shortchange or postpone funding for social, economic and environmental problems today, the solutions become more expensive in the future.

  很多问题的解决都需要money,包括但不限于社会性问题、经济问题和环境问题,这些脏活累活不都是政府的事么(心疼政府5秒钟~)这些问题如果不解决,以后只会越来越棘手!想想还真是这么个理儿,比如污染问题,你说是吧~

  4.Public sector employees work hard, often in difficult circumstances, to keep government running and provide the public services we need. We need to attract and retain hard-working public employees and pay them fair compensation.

  公务员们工作还是蛮辛苦的,对他们好点吧~

  5.Taxes ensure that the country can build and maintain the necessary infrastructure – education, health care and transportation systems - to attract investment and businesses, and thrive in a competitive global economy.

  基础设施!基础设施!基础设施!重要的话说三遍!

  只有基础设施得到完善了,经济才能发展,民生问题是大问题,是foundation!

  6.Money begets power, which begets more money, and more power. Taxes provide a counter-balance, by softening extreme disparities in wealth, power and benefits.

  任何社会,钱权不分。这个观点属于高分观点:税收可以通过调节贫富差距来维持社会稳定、达到制约权力的目的(这句话建议大家记下来,我知道你们不会beget这个单词,查了以后赶紧背过,好词!)

  现在是不是文思泉涌了呢?呐,以上就是杨帆老师给大家总结的关于税收的语料!更多精彩内容尽在帆老师的写作课堂哦~

  名师介绍

  杨帆(笔名:薛定谔的帆布袋)

  毕业于英国华威大学,5年教学经验。现任环球雅思爱豆团团长、环球留学红钻导师

  2017年度环球雅思全体教师赛课二等奖。

  编写过多本考试真题:

  2016年,参与出版图书《环球雅思第九代教材》、《剑桥雅思真题11解析》

  2018年,出版图书《扬帆雅思阅读》

  2018年,参与出版图书《剑桥雅思真题13解析》

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